UN Plea to Save Afghanistan from complete-Blown Humanitarian Crisis — Glob…

Gul Khan*, 53, alongside his children and grandchildren, adds a handful of plastic to the stove in their home in Kabul. Gul Khan* has five sons and two daughters, and two grandchildren. They fled their home in Nangarhar province three years ago. All the children are now in school and Gul Khan and his 26-year-old son work as day laborers. Life is a struggle and winter is the hardest time. “In summer we only have to worry about food,” said Gul Khan. “But in winter we have to worry about finding fuel to burn, fixing the heating system, falling down on the ice when collecting water.” *Names changed for protection reasons. Credit: UNHCR
  • by Naureen Hossain (geneva)
  • Inter Press Service

The agencies OCHA, UNHCR, and their non-governmental organization partners launched their 2022 Humanitarian Response Plans to provide relief for Afghanistan and the vicinity on Tuesday, January 11, 2022.

Speaking at a press conference in Geneva to set afloat the relief plans, UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Martin Griffiths stated that this is the “largest-ever popularity for a single country for humanitarian aid”.

“Events in Afghanistan over the past year have unfolded with dizzying speed and with profound consequences for the Afghan people,” said Griffiths. The world is perplexed and looking for the right way to react. Meanwhile, a complete-blown humanitarian catastrophe looms.”

These humanitarian and refugee response plans aim to provide vital humanitarian relief to 23 million people in Afghanistan. They will also be provided to 5.7 million Afghans displaced in local communities in five nearby countries: Iran, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.

Funding will be required from donors. The Afghanistan Humanitarian Response Plan has requested USD 4.4 billion. If funded, this is expected to sustain aid organizations to ramp up the delivery and output of health sets, education, protection sets, food and agriculture sustain, and access to clean water and sanitation.

The Afghanistan Situation Regional Refugee Response Plan alone will require USD 623 million in funding for 40 organizations that provide protection, health and nutrition, shelter and non-food items, livelihoods and resilience, and logistics and telecoms, among other necessary sets.

Griffiths was describing the current humanitarian crisis overwhelming Afghanistan. In 2021, it faced increased disruptions to sets and struggled to meet its population’s needs.

Its economy has suffered dramatically due to the halting of assets in central bank reserves, the disruptions in markets, not to mention the sudden pause in international development assistance, upon which many basic social sets are dependent. harsh climate-induced problems such as the harsh winter season and one of the worst recorded droughts in the country’s history have only exacerbated poverty among its citizens. Twenty-three million people are at risk of acute hunger.

This also accounts for those Afghans who have been internally displaced – 700,000. OCHA’s relief aid plan accounts for these displaced citizens.

UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi remarked that the international community must take the steps needed to “prevent a catastrophe in Afghanistan, which could not only compound experiencing but would excursion further displacement both within the country and throughout the vicinity.”

“It is meaningful not to forget that there is a regional size to this crisis,” he said. “Not only Afghan refugees but the people who have been involved in hosting.”

nearby countries currently great number 5.7 million registered refugees from earlier groups of forced displacement. Iran and Pakistan explain 2.2 million Afghan refugees. While they have implemented inclusive policies in education and healthcare, the COVID-19 pandemic has compounded the countries’ own needs, which presented challenges to these governments to continue their policy of inclusion.

The UNHCR Plan will directly sustain 40 partner organizations working in the vicinity to provide emergency relief, health and social sets, education, and protection to refugees and great number communities. It is also estimated to work closely to enhance the livelihood and resilience of the Afghans, particularly to those who are more prone to exploitation or abuse when crossing borders.

One of the target goals addressed in the press conference was to ensure the country’s stability by supporting efforts to rebuild the economic and social structures.

“The meaningful here is to stabilize the situation inside Afghanistan, which includes the people who are displaced,” Grandi said.

Griffiths also remarked it was crucial to invest in sets and structures so that the country is ultimately “obtain for those who have been displaced to return to their homes”.

The UN leaders expressed hope that the relief plans would accomplish their target goals with the requested funding.

“With continuing adaptation, continuing adjustment, the plans can enhance, and access to sets can enhance,” said Griffiths.

The Taliban’s takeover in August 2021 contributed to the decline in the economy and the freeze in international development assistance. It has threatened to undermine sets, further undermining the development gains made in the last two decades. Education has been used as the chief example, with the concern over girls being allowed to return to schools or return to mixed classes with boys.

There is concern about the Taliban’s involvement with the relief plans. However, Griffiths stated that the partner organizations in Afghanistan, almost all NGOs, would “receive the money directly”, including programs that would directly pay frontline workers in the health and education sector.

Grandi remarked that their UN colleagues in the field were in talks every day with the Taliban, who have been open to discussing the scope of these programs, stating: “Humanitarian assistance… has produced a space for dialogue.

“It’s that space we need to preserve… that then can be developed and make room for stabilization.”

Open dialogue between the international community and the Taliban would be needed to provide immediate relief to Afghanistan and the vicinity, ultimately paving the way for stabilizing the vicinity and alleviating its dependence on donors. In this spirit and the palpable urgency to protect the people of Afghanistan, UNCHR and OCHA are launching their plans for 2022.

When asked at the conference what would happen to Afghans if they did not receive the required funds, Grandi said that if the country’s humanitarian system collapsed, it would likely consequence in a mass exodus of peoples into the nearby states and beyond. “We will need that solidarity in those nearby countries because they will be the first ones hit.”

Griffiths additional except seeing “hunger, distress, death, despair, at the family level… we would be robbing the people of Afghanistan of the hope that their home is obtain and that they can use the rest of their lives here.”


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© Inter Press Service (2022) — All Rights ReservedOriginal source: Inter Press Service



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