The Different Types of Termites and What You Need to Know

The Different Types of Termites and What You Need to Know

If you are living in an area that is inclined to termite infestations it is wise to be aware of what types of termite they are. In the USA there are only five basic types and they are:

o Drywood Termite
o Eastern
o Western,
o Desert
o Formosan Subterranean Termite

All termites are capable of destroying your house; the only calculating factor is how long it takes them to do this. Termites are not something that you can safely ignore.

Eastern Subterranean Termites

These are typically the most shared termite in North America, and are found in all the eastern states. Whilst they typically reside underground they can and do live over ground. The Eastern Subterranean Termite colonies can range from a few thousand to a few million. Their presence in homes often goes undetected for a long time because they satisfy on spring wood and cellulose instead of hard wood. Because they do not attack the wood uniformly it is often left with a honeycomb turn up. Despite the fact that they can in certain areas attack twenty percent of homes they do have a high ecological purpose as they clear all the dead organic matter from the floors of the forest and without them the forests would be a lot unhealthier. Their diet is cellulose, bush wood, paper and cotton.

Drywood Termites

The drywood and subterranean termites are responsible for the majority of the destruction to buildings in America. The dry woods as there eponymous name indicates live in dry wood and they are less aggressive than the subterranean species. They are shared in the Southern part of America from California to Florida. They live in any kind of dried wood, walls, fence posts, sheds, furniture, doors and walls. However they are often more controllable because there nests are not typically large. A large colony of ants is scarce they typically have at the most several families in one termites nest.

Formosan Subterranean Termites

These are the most aggressive of the American termites, although as there name indicates they are native to Asia, instead of America, they are found in the warmer parts of the USA and Hawaii. They are capable of destroying a home within months as they can eat a pound of wood a day. They also eat plastic and softer metal such as rule. They travel in tunnels made out of their spit and feces, but this tunnelling is a useful indicator of their presence as it often causes the walls to bulge.

Desert Subterranean Termites

The Colorado and Gila deserts of southern Arizona and California are the homes of the Desert Subterranean Termites, but they are not unknown in Houston Texas and also Lower Baja California. Most termites need moisture but this termite thrives in dry desert conditions and they can live inside dead cactuses, to other environments that most other termites avoid. Because they avoid eating hardwood the wood that they attack appears honeycombed, and there is often soil in the tunnelled parts, because they forage where there is moisture. They tend to build mud structures that hang down from a tree or ceiling these are slender, solidly and are pale yellow to a tan color. As they are smaller than most termites they can breach smaller gaps to penetrate wood.

Western Subterranean Termites

Western subterranean termites plague the older areas of California, but they are also a problem in British Columbia, Washington State, Oregon, Idaho, western Nevada and western Mexico. In areas where they are endemic they create tremendous damage to wooden structures. They are subterranean and when they move into a home they tend to stay on lower floors rarely travelling as high as attics.

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