Checking Pipe Size: Pipe Fitting Measurements
Sizes of Pipe Fitting
Pipe fitting sizes are in either Standard English or Metric System. Pipe consists various phases or aspects and that is the reason why only the most general patterns can be provided in this topic.
Pipe Fittings Types
There are various methods in pipe fittings. To name a few, four-way fittings, flexible couplings, pitless adapters and compression fittings are some shared techniques. Cap and stiff fittings, bulkhead fittings, and adapters are also being used. Elbows, most often than not, could either be 45 or 90 degree variations. Ferrules, expansion couplings and reducing elbows are other kinds of fittings. Various pipe measurements are also obtainable for nipples, plugs, flanges and end bells. There are a lot of settings and setups that need other pipe settings such as side outlet elbows and concentric reducers and returns.
Materials and Shapes
Shape and material are factors to consider regarding pipe fitting. Rectangular, oval types, square and round are some usual shapes. Speaking of materials, they may certainly vary but ceramic, ABS, carbon and bronze are commonly used. Other materials include cast iron, fiberglass fluoresin, EPDM and vitrified clay. Depending on projects, neoprene, ductile, rule and gray iron are notable materials. Steel (alloys and stainless) can also be used because of its versatility. Rubber and titanium as materials are very possible. There are a lot of materials that could be used in pipe and this fact is understandable based on its roles.
The Schedule Numbers
Schedule numbers are standards utilized by the American National Standards Institute or ANSI to indicate the width of the wall. From NPS 1/8′ up to NPS 36′, the schedule numbers cover all pipe measurements. It should be clear that this relationship is only for fittings that correspond with specific ANSI schedule number.
The basic Aspects of Pipe Fitting
Pipe fitting includes a very wide range and that is why there are a lot of existing pipe measurements. Inline, offset and multi-port are some ways of joining or combining the pipe. The method in which the cross sections are fitted is generally in a circular manner. Pipe parts or pieces are attached together by joints or special connectors. These are utilized for ventilation, waste and draining purposes.
The Metric and English Sizes
The Standard English measurements use inches when gauging. 1/16 inches (cap/plug) is approximately equals to 2 mm. 1/8 inches (coupling) is the same as 3 mm, while a 3/16 inches four-way (or cross) is to 4 mm.